Recently, the China National Tourism Administration to convene to analyze the tourism economy in the fourth quarter, according to Bureau of Exit-entry and exit statistics provided by the National Tourism Bureau and the National Bureau of Statistics Division and the Rural Division City conducted jointly by urban residents and rural residents in a sample of domestic tourism survey data, the National Tourism Administration Office of the Secretary for Information and Research Institute of China’s Tourism Tourism Economic Analysis report, the 2009 full-year operation of the tourism economy were analyzed.
First, the overall development of the tourism industry.
In 2009, China’s tourism industry in general to maintain a rapid growth in tourism to achieve a big increase in total revenue. Predicted that the annual total tourism revenue of approximately RMB1.26 trillion yuan, an increase of 9%. Among them, the domestic tourism market continues rapid growth of inbound tourism market is gradually restored, stable development of outbound tourism market. At the same time, tourism, a substantial increase in the scale of investment, business performance began to rise, tourism industry to further strengthen the leading role in economic and social.
Second, tourism development environment: a global international tourism began to boom with the economic recovery picked up the steady growth of the domestic economy has laid a foundation for rapid growth in domestic tourism.
Sustained by the financial crisis, the global economy in 2009 is expected to fall 2.2%.
联合国世界旅游组织公布，随着经济复苏的迹象日渐明显，全球入境旅游景气指数开始攀升，四季度达到92，比一季度提高35个点。 United Nations World Tourism Organization announced that as there are increasing signs of economic recovery, the global inbound tourism climate index began to climb the fourth quarter to reach 92, Biyijidu increased by 35 points.
World Tourism Organization, the number of incoming tourists to the whole world the latest forecast from the beginning of a decline of 8.4% adjusted to fall by 5% or so. In the CPC Central Committee and State Council, under the correct leadership and continue to enrich China’s full implementation of the comprehensive response to the impact of the international financial crisis package, a good trend of economic recovery to consolidate economic and social development has achieved remarkable results. China’s GDP growth is expected in 2009 will exceed 8%。 Steady domestic economic growth, supporting the rapid development of China’s tourism industry。 Mass domestic tourism market has become a solid foundation for the development of China’s tourism industry has maintained the momentum of vigorous development.
三、三大市场“两升一降”，国内旅游市场持续快速增长。 Third, the three major market “two liters a fall”, the domestic tourism market continues to grow rapidly.
1． 1. 国内旅游市场 Domestic tourism market
According to the National Tourism Bureau and the National Bureau of Statistics Division and the Rural City Division, which jointly carried out by urban residents and rural residents quarterly sample survey of domestic tourism in 2009, the first three quarters, the number of domestic tourists was 14.3 million passengers, compared with a year earlier, an increase of 9.4%; Domestic tourism income 767.3 billion yuan, an increase of 15.4%. Based on projections, the number of domestic tourists throughout the year about 19 million passengers, compared with same period last year 11%; domestic tourism revenue is expected to exceed 1 trillion yuan, an increase of over 15%.
In 2009, the rate of urban residents traveling surge in first three quarters of excursion rates were 56.8%, 50.6% and 49.9%, 42.2% over the same period the previous year, 39.4% and 41.3% respectively, 14.6,11.2 and 8.6 percentage points higher; over night were 1445 yuan per capita spending, 1539 yuan and 1677 yuan, 1642 yuan lower than the same period last year, 1651 yuan and 1,690 yuan; day tour spending per capita were 306 yuan, 279 yuan and 283 yuan, a second-quarter basically the same as a year earlier, slightly higher in the third quarter, an increase of 9.5%.
The overall stability of rural residents travel rate, travel rate the first three quarters respectively, 35.8%, 25.6% and 24.6%, basically flat with a year earlier; per capita spending was 311 yuan, 275 yuan and 287 yuan, an increase of 16.2 a year earlier %, 2.2% and 7.8%.
2． 2. 入境旅游市场 Inbound Tourism Market
Exit and Entry Administration under the Ministry of Public Security to provide statistical data entry, as well as in 2009 in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) carried out a sample survey of inbound tourists to spend data, in January 2009 to November, China’s 115 million tourist arrivals million, down 3%; entry number 46.45 million overnight trips, down 4.8%; tourism foreign exchange earnings from 36.23 billion U.S. dollars, down 3.9%. Accordingly, forecast that the annual tourist arrivals of about 126 million passengers, down 3%; of which there were about 50.5 million overnight tourism trips, down 5%; foreign exchange earnings of about 39 billion U.S. dollars, down 4.5%.
2009年，入境旅游市场整体处于低位运行状态，除4月份和8月份分别出现2.2%和3.1%的短暂性增长，其他月份均呈下降态势，最大跌幅出现在3月的-11.3%，最小跌幅为10月的-0.8%。 In 2009, inbound tourism market as a whole is running low, except in April and August there were 2.2% and 3.1% of the short-term growth, a declining trend in other months, the biggest drop occurring in March to -11.3%, the smallest decline in -0.8% for 10 months. 但是从全年态势来看，月度降幅在不断收窄，整体入境旅游市场在逐步恢复。 But from the whole trend point of view, the monthly drop in the constant narrowing of the overall inbound tourism market is gradually being restored. 预计全年入境外国游客下降12%左右，香港和澳门游客分别下降1%左右，台湾游客增长约2%。 Predicted that the annual immigration of foreign tourists decreased by about 12%, Hong Kong and Macao tourists decreased by about 1% of the Taiwanese tourists increased by about 2%.
3． 3. 出境旅游市场 Outbound tourism market
Exit and Entry Administration under the Ministry of Public Security to provide outbound statistics, in January 2009 to November, China’s outbound 43.41 million passengers, an increase of 3.3%. Accordingly, forecast that the annual number of outbound tourism was about 47.5 million passengers, an increase of 3.6%.
In 2009, outbound travel market in general is running smoothly, despite the May to July fell for 3 consecutive months, but began to accelerate growth in the third quarter and fourth quarter growth rate of nearly 9%, maintaining the number of departing throughout the year to achieve a certain level of growth , an increase of the overall trend has not changed.
四、旅游产业供给：投资规模大幅增长，产业发展更具活力。 Fourth, the supply of the tourism industry: a substantial increase in the scale of investment, industrial development more dynamic.
According to statistics released by National Bureau of Statistics, in January 2009 to 11 months, China’s urban fixed-asset investment grew 32.1%, which is closely related with tourism, accommodation and catering industry increased 38.6%, wholesale and retail trade increased 45.4%, 80.7% increase in rail transport, road transport increased 48.7%, urban public transportation increased 55.0%, water transport increased 35.5%, both higher than the national average. Tourism-related industry, a substantial increase in the scale of investment, directly led to the rapid growth of investment in tourism, local tourism investment dynamic emergence of prosperity for tourism development has injected new vitality.
五、企业经营业绩：企业经营业绩开始回升，景区类企业经营状况较好。 5, business performance: business performance began to recover well in business class scenic areas.
According to statistics released by National Bureau of Statistics, is closely related with the tourism industry to maintain rapid growth in operating efficiency. In January 2009 to 11 months, accommodation and catering industry sales grew 16.9%, wholesale and retail sales rose 15.3%, civil aviation passenger traffic growth of 19.6%.
Tourism management department to monitor industry information display, scenic class enterprise performance better than travel agents and hotel industries. Among them, business conditions in the western region affected by the financial crisis better than larger central and eastern regions; urban and peri-urban scenic tourist attractions than the long-term management situation better; mature operating conditions of the top scenic spots in general than those without resources are better scenic spots .
Travel agents, due to sharp drop in inbound tourism business, pure inbound tourism to pick clubs and to inbound tourism-based small business travel agencies, due to product mix and a single, risk-resisting ability is weak, the most difficult operations, and as Taiwan Tourism The rise of Taiwan’s travel tour with a qualified travel agents operating conditions generally good.
Hotel regard, by the financial crisis, business-oriented hotel guests have been hit more than to leisure guests oriented hotel team; to immigration source market-oriented hotels have been hit more than for the domestic tourist market Lord of the hotel; foreign hotels have been hit more than the general-funded hotels.
The attached Table 1 in 2009 foreign inbound tourism market (see original report)
In 2009, foreigners entering the market as a whole was sluggish trend in the first quarter fell significantly, in addition to Russia, South Korea and Mongolia, the Japan, the United States, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Mongolia, Australia, Canada, Britain, Thailand, Germany, Indonesia, India and France and other major source markets, the largest year-year decline in January to March. Into the second half, the admission of aliens overall market rise month on month decline gradually narrowing. In July after some of the major source markets for a single month of positive growth for four straight months, U-shaped or V-shaped tracks are obvious.
Foreigners entering the market the whole year is expected to decline 12% or so. 16 major source markets, Russia, South Korea, Mongolia will reach double-digit decline, in which Russia dropped by more than 40%, South Korea down 20%; Indonesia, Canada and Malaysia is expected to achieve positive growth; Singapore, India is expected to flat ; the remaining major source markets decline narrowed to about 5%.
主要客源市场情况： Major source markets of:
Since entering the Japanese market in July to resume faster, increased considerably, the overall recovery trend is more evident. From October onwards, the total number of immigrants than South Korea, again became the largest source market. Predicted that the annual inflow of roughly 3.3 million passengers, up by around 4% decline.
South Korea’s market drop of about 20%. Narrowed in November fell 0.7% year on year, the future trend remains to be seen.
After the Russian market since November 2008 has been a continuous fall, since the 2nd quarter of 2009, there steady recovery trend. April to August, the fourth consecutive month to keep chain growth, but still more than 40% year on year decline.
First three quarters of the U.S. market fell 6.4% in November year on year growth of 4.0%. In December, by the U.S. economic recovery is weak and Christmas holidays, the impact of arrivals will not be significantly increased. Predicted that the annual inflow of roughly 1.7 million passengers, up by around 5% decline.
Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia in the first half compared with last year varying degrees of decline in September after the apparent recovery。 It is expected that the five countries with the annual number of arrivals in 2008 was essentially flat.
Australia, Canada and other markets in July a single month since four consecutive growth, the market was U-shaped or V-shaped trend, is gradually returning to normal growth track.
Britain, Germany, France and other markets experienced sharp decline after the beginning of the year, November has been fully achieved positive growth year on year recovery trend evident.
Report of 2 in 2009 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan with the Mainland tourism market entry and exit conditions
2009 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan inbound tourism market is “a liter of two down”, that is a slight rise in the Taiwan market, Hong Kong and Macao markets declined slightly.
Outbound tourism market is “two liters a fall”, that is the number of mainland residents to travel a substantial increase in the steady growth of tourism for mainland residents to visit Hong Kong and went to Macau, a small number of tourists despite the recent rebound, but the total trend is downward.
一、港澳台入境旅游市场 First, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan tourism market entry
1, Hong Kong: Hong Kong compatriots to leave the Mainland for changes in the market characteristics, namely, by the global financial crisis and the obvious impact of influenza A, 1 month to 3 months, May to July on the decline; 2 is a holiday excursion is the Hong Kong residents the necessary content, April Easter, August summer vacation in December for Christmas and a good growth in the Mainland; third, the economic recovery, the employment situation has brought the matter to enable Hong Kong to the mainland compatriots narrowed the overall decline in the trend.
Predicted that the annual number of arrivals in Hong Kong compatriots about 77.3 million passengers, down 1.3% over the previous year.
2, Macao: Macao compatriots number of arrivals was Xianyanghouyi trend.
Changes in its market characteristics, namely, during the economic downturn, going north to spend a marked increase; second is when the economy improves, labor tension, full employment, rising incomes, travel less.
Macao’s gross domestic product rebounded in the third quarter, government revenues, gaming and tourism revenues better than expected, the employment situation improved.
Meanwhile, Macao’s political activities in the second half more, the Chief Executive election, the fourth term Legislative Council election, to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the return of large-scale series of activities and Macao compatriots to remain actively involved in local, travel less.
Predicted that the annual inflow of roughly Macao compatriots 22.7 million passengers, down 1.0%.
3, Taiwan: in 2009, the Taiwan compatriots in the Mainland was the number of shocks up momentum into the fourth quarter, the growth rate to accelerate.
First cross-strait relations have improved, so that more Taiwan compatriots on the mainland’s economic recovery and future development of the first full confidence in business travel is increasing; second cross-strait direct flights in 2009, a substantial increase in the frequency, variety, convenience, economy, transport and effective reduce costs, direct flights from Taiwan to promote rapid growth of the mainland market; third, two-way cross-strait tourism exchange and cooperation continued to deepen, to effectively mobilize the industry rushed to mainland China in Taiwan tourism initiative.
Predicted that the annual number of Taiwan compatriots entry more than 4.45 million passengers, an increase of 1.5%.
二、内地（大陆）居民出境赴港澳台旅游 2, Mainland China (mainland) residents to visit Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan outbound tourism
1, the Mainland residents to visit Hong Kong: Hong Kong in 2009 for the “individual visit” policy put in place and the signing of CEPA Supplement 6, is the number of mainland residents to visit Hong Kong tourism a major factor in the overall steady rise, although influenza during the epidemic on the Mainland Travel to Hong Kong to a greater impact, but the implementation of non-permanent residents in Shenzhen to Hong Kong to “personal visit”, Shenzhen residents from Hong Kong several times a year endorsement “individual visit” documents and other favorable factors have led to the annual number of tourists to Hong Kong to the mainland was steady growth. The whole year is expected to travel on the number of Mainland residents to visit Hong Kong will be more than 17.5 million passengers, an increase of 3.8%, the “individual visit” passenger growth expected to exceed 8%.
2, Mainland residents to visit Macau: by the global financial crisis and the impact of influenza, while the mainland to Australia since the second half of 2008 to implement the “individual visit” The new endorsement policy, the number of mainland residents to travel to Australia a big margin.
The whole year is expected to travel to Australia on the number of mainland residents will be more than 10.9 million passengers, down 6%.
3, the mainland residents to tour Taiwan: According to Taiwan statistics, in 2009 mainland residents to tour Taiwan 606,000 passengers (not including the number of study missions for the public), to achieve the beginning of 600,000 person-times of development goals, but the larger the magnitude of changes each month . 三四月份井喷式增长、五六月份受甲型流感影响跌至低谷、七月份开始反弹、八月份受“8.8水灾”影响再次下滑，11月开始全面复苏。 San Siyue cent growth spurt and Wu Liuyue were affected by the influenza A drop bottom, in July began to rebound in August by the “8.8 flooding” effect once again fell in November has begun to revive. With the variety of transportation and convenient travel to Taiwan, as well as the deepening of cross-strait exchanges, the number of mainland residents to tour Taiwan rapid growth trend will continue.